General Orthopedics – Rehabilitation Therapy
Physical therapists treat the consequences of disease or injury by addressing impairments, functional limitations, and/or disabilities in patients. Some of the more common conditions for which physical therapists examine and provide intervention and treatment include the following:
- Orthopedic conditions, such as low back and neck pain, headaches, and osteoporosis.
- Joint and soft-tissue injuries, such as sprains and strains, hand injuries, fractures and dislocations, and pre- and post-surgical conditions.
- Some Neurological conditions, such as stroke (high-level), neuropathy and peripheral nerve injury.
- Arthritic conditions, including: osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
- Workplace injuries, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, cumulative trauma, and stress disorders.
- Sports injuries, such as overuse injuries and trauma in recreational and professional athletes.
Injuries at the workplace range from minor cuts or bruises which are non-fatal to injuries such as severe fractures or trauma that can be fatal. Injuries can occur due to slips, repetitive motion, hazards from machinery, falling from a height, burns, or any kind of violent act.
Sprains and strains are injuries affecting the muscles and ligaments. A sprain is an injury or tear of one or more ligaments that commonly occurs at the wrist, knee, ankle or thumb. A strain is an injury or tears to the muscle. Strains occur commonly in the back and legs.
The term arthritis literally means inflammation of a joint, but it is generally used to describe any condition in which there is damage to the cartilage, the tissue that lines the ends of bones in a joint. Inflammation is the body's natural response to injury and presents as redness, swelling, heat, and pain.
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